About this

This document describes the information about Rockchip supported boards and it’s usage steps.

Rockchip boards

Rockchip is a SoC solutions provider for tablets & PCs, streaming media TV boxes, AI audio & vision, IoT hardware.

A wide range of Rockchip SoCs with associated boards are supported in mainline U-Boot.

List of mainline supported Rockchip boards:

  • px30
    • Rockchip Evb-PX30 (evb-px30)

    • Engicam PX30.Core C.TOUCH 2.0 (px30-core-ctouch2-px30)

    • Engicam PX30.Core C.TOUCH 2.0 10.1 (px30-core-ctouch2-of10-px30)

    • Engicam PX30.Core EDIMM2.2 Starter Kit (px30-core-edimm2.2-px30)

    • Firefly Core-PX30-JD4 (firefly-px30)

    • Theobroma Systems PX30-µQ7 SoM - Ringneck (ringneck-px30)

  • rk3036
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3036 (evb-rk3036)

    • Kylin (kylin_rk3036)

  • rk3066
    • Rikomagic MK808 (mk808)

  • rk3128
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3128 (evb-rk3128)

  • rk3188
    • Radxa Rock (rock)

  • rk3229
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3229 (evb-rk3229)

  • rk3288
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3288 (evb-rk3288)

    • Firefly-RK3288 (firefly-rk3288)

    • MQmaker MiQi (miqi-rk3288)

    • Phytec RK3288 PCM-947 (phycore-rk3288)

    • PopMetal-RK3288 (popmetal-rk3288)

    • Radxa Rock 2 Square (rock2)

    • Tinker-RK3288 (tinker-rk3288)

    • Google Jerry (chromebook_jerry)

    • Google Mickey (chromebook_mickey)

    • Google Minnie (chromebook_minnie)

    • Google Speedy (chromebook_speedy)

    • Amarula Vyasa-RK3288 (vyasa-rk3288)

  • rk3308
    • Radxa ROCK Pi S (rock-pi-s-rk3308)

    • Rockchip Evb-RK3308 (evb-rk3308)

    • Roc-cc-RK3308 (roc-cc-rk3308)

  • rk3326
    • ODROID-GO Advance (odroid-go2)

  • rk3328
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3328 (evb-rk3328)

    • Pine64 Rock64 (rock64-rk3328)

    • Firefly-RK3328 (roc-cc-rk3328)

    • Radxa Rockpi E (rock-pi-e-rk3328)

  • rk3368
    • GeekBox (geekbox)

    • PX5 EVB (evb-px5)

    • Rockchip Sheep (sheep-rk3368)

    • Theobroma Systems RK3368-uQ7 SoM - Lion (lion-rk3368)

  • rk3399
    • 96boards RK3399 Ficus (ficus-rk3399)

    • 96boards Rock960 (rock960-rk3399)

    • Firefly-RK3399 (firefly_rk3399)

    • Firefly ROC-RK3399-PC

    • FriendlyElec NanoPC-T4 (nanopc-t4-rk3399)

    • FriendlyElec NanoPi M4 (nanopi-m4-rk3399)

    • FriendlyElec NanoPi M4B (nanopi-m4b-rk3399)

    • FriendlyARM NanoPi NEO4 (nanopi-neo4-rk3399)

    • Google Bob (chromebook_bob)

    • Google Kevin (chromebook_kevin)

    • Khadas Edge (khadas-edge-rk3399)

    • Khadas Edge-Captain (khadas-edge-captain-rk3399)

    • Khadas Edge-V (hadas-edge-v-rk3399)

    • Orange Pi RK3399 (orangepi-rk3399)

    • Pine64 RockPro64 (rockpro64-rk3399)

    • Radxa ROCK 4C+ (rock-4c-plus-rk3399)

    • Radxa ROCK 4SE (rock-4se-rk3399)

    • Radxa ROCK Pi 4A/B/A+/B+ (rock-pi-4-rk3399)

    • Radxa ROCK Pi 4C (rock-pi-4c-rk3399)

    • Rockchip Evb-RK3399 (evb_rk3399)

    • Theobroma Systems RK3399-Q7 SoM - Puma (puma_rk3399)

  • rk3566
    • Anbernic RGxx3 (anbernic-rgxx3-rk3566)

    • Pine64 Quartz64-A Board (quartz64-a-rk3566)

    • Pine64 Quartz64-B Board (quartz64-b-rk3566)

    • Pine64 SOQuartz on Blade (soquartz-blade-rk3566)

    • Pine64 SOQuartz on CM4-IO (soquartz-cm4-rk3566)

    • Pine64 SOQuartz on Model A (soquartz-model-a-rk3566)

    • Radxa CM3 IO Board (radxa-cm3-io-rk3566)

  • rk3568
    • Rockchip Evb-RK3568 (evb-rk3568)

    • Banana Pi BPI-R2 Pro (bpi-r2-pro-rk3568)

    • EmbedFire LubanCat 2 (lubancat-2-rk3568)

    • FriendlyElec NanoPi R5C (nanopi-r5c-rk3568)

    • FriendlyElec NanoPi R5S (nanopi-r5s-rk3568)

    • Generic RK3566/RK3568 (generic-rk3568)

    • Hardkernel ODROID-M1 (odroid-m1-rk3568)

    • Radxa E25 Carrier Board (radxa-e25-rk3568)

    • Radxa ROCK 3 Model A (rock-3a-rk3568)

  • rk3588
    • Rockchip EVB (evb-rk3588)

    • Edgeble Neural Compute Module 6A SoM - Neu6a (neu6a-io-rk3588)

    • Edgeble Neural Compute Module 6B SoM - Neu6b (neu6b-io-rk3588)

    • FriendlyElec NanoPC-T6 (nanopc-t6-rk3588)

    • Pine64 QuartzPro64 (quartzpro64-rk3588)

    • Turing Machines RK1 (turing-rk1-rk3588)

    • Radxa ROCK 5A (rock5a-rk3588s)

    • Radxa ROCK 5B (rock5b-rk3588)

    • Xunlong Orange Pi 5 (orangepi-5-rk3588s)

    • Xunlong Orange Pi 5 Plus (orangepi-5-plus-rk3588)

  • rv1108
    • Rockchip Evb-rv1108 (evb-rv1108)

    • Elgin-R1 (elgin-rv1108)

  • rv1126
    • Edgeble Neural Compute Module 2 SoM - Neu2/Neu2k (neu2-io-r1126)

    • Itead Sonoff iHost (sonoff-ihost-rv1126)



TF-A is required when building ARM64 Rockchip SoCs images.

To build TF-A:

git clone --depth 1
cd arm-trusted-firmware
make realclean
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- PLAT=rk3399
cd ..

Specify the PLAT= with desired Rockchip platform to build TF-A for.

For SoCs whose TF-A code is not available as open source, use BL31 binary provided by Rockchip:

git clone --depth 1


For some SoCs U-Boot sources lack of support to inizialize DRAM. In these cases, to get a fully functional image following 1. Package the image with U-Boot TPL/SPL, use DDR binary provided by Rockchip rkbin repository as ROCKCHIP_TPL when building U-Boot. Otherwise, follow 2. Package the image with Rockchip miniloader.


git clone --depth 1
cd u-boot

To build px30 boards:

export BL31=../arm-trusted-firmware/build/px30/release/bl31/bl31.elf
make evb-px30_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3066 boards:

make mk808_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf-

To build rk3288 boards:

make evb-rk3288_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf-

To build rk3308 boards:

export BL31=../rkbin/bin/rk33/rk3308_bl31_v2.26.elf
export ROCKCHIP_TPL=../rkbin/bin/rk33/rk3308_ddr_589MHz_uartX_mY_v2.07.bin
make evb-rk3308_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3328 boards:

export BL31=../arm-trusted-firmware/build/rk3328/release/bl31/bl31.elf
make evb-rk3328_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3368 boards:

export BL31=../arm-trusted-firmware/build/rk3368/release/bl31/bl31.elf
make evb-px5_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3399 boards:

export BL31=../arm-trusted-firmware/build/rk3399/release/bl31/bl31.elf
make evb-rk3399_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3568 boards:

export BL31=../arm-trusted-firmware/build/rk3568/release/bl31/bl31.elf
[or]export BL31=../rkbin/bin/rk35/rk3568_bl31_v1.34.elf
export ROCKCHIP_TPL=../rkbin/bin/rk35/rk3568_ddr_1560MHz_v1.13.bin
make evb-rk3568_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-

To build rk3588 boards:

export BL31=../rkbin/bin/rk35/rk3588_bl31_v1.33.elf
export ROCKCHIP_TPL=../rkbin/bin/rk35/rk3588_ddr_lp4_2112MHz_lp5_2736MHz_v1.09.bin
make evb-rk3588_defconfig
make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-


1. Package the image with U-Boot TPL/SPL

SD Card

All Rockchip platforms (except rk3128 which doesn’t use SPL) are now supporting a single boot image using binman.

To write an image that boots from a SD card (assumed to be /dev/sda):

sudo dd if=u-boot-rockchip.bin of=/dev/sda seek=64


eMMC flash would probe on mmc0 in most of the Rockchip platforms.

Create GPT partition layout as defined in $partitions:

mmc dev 0
gpt write mmc 0 $partitions

Connect the USB-OTG cable between the host and a target device.

Launch fastboot on the target with:

fastboot 0

Upon a successful gadget connection the host shows the USB device with:

# Bus 001 Device 020: ID 2207:330c Fuzhou Rockchip Electronics Company RK3399 in Mask ROM mode

Program the flash with:

sudo fastboot -i 0x2207 flash loader1 idbloader.img
sudo fastboot -i 0x2207 flash loader2 u-boot.itb


For Rockchip 32-bit platforms the U-Boot proper image is u-boot-dtb.img


Write u-boot-rockchip-spi.bin to offset 0 of SPI flash.

Copy u-boot-rockchip-spi.bin into SD card and boot from SD:

sf probe
load mmc 1:1 $kernel_addr_r u-boot-rockchip-spi.bin
sf update $fileaddr 0 $filesize

2. Package the image with Rockchip miniloader

Image package with Rockchip miniloader requires rkbin [1].

cd ..
git clone --depth 1

Create idbloader.img:

cd u-boot
./tools/mkimage -n px30 -T rksd -d ../rkbin/bin/rk33/px30_ddr_333MHz_v1.16.bin idbloader.img
cat ../rkbin/bin/rk33/px30_miniloader_v1.31.bin >> idbloader.img
sudo dd if=idbloader.img of=/dev/sda seek=64

Create trust.img:

cd ../rkbin
./tools/trust_merger RKTRUST/PX30TRUST.ini
sudo dd if=trust.img of=/dev/sda seek=24576

Create uboot.img [2]:

cd ../u-boot
../rkbin/tools/loaderimage --pack --uboot u-boot-dtb.bin uboot.img 0x200000
sudo dd if=uboot.img of=/dev/sda seek=16384


  1. rkbin binaries are regularly updated, so it would be recommended to use the latest version.

  2. 0x200000 is a load address and is an option for some platforms.

3. Package the RK3066 image with U-Boot TPL/SPL on NAND

Unlike later SoC models the rk3066 BootROM doesn’t have SDMMC support. If all other boot options fail then it enters into a BootROM mode on the USB OTG port. This method loads TPL/SPL on NAND with U-Boot and kernel on SD card.

SD Card

U-Boot expects a GPT partition map and a boot directory structure with files on the SD card.

Partition Map for MMC device 0  --   Partition Type: EFI
Part     Start LBA         End LBA           Name
1        0x00000040        0x00001f7f        "loader1"
2        0x00004000        0x00005fff        "loader2"
3        0x00006000        0x00007fff        "trust"
4        0x00008000        0x0003ffff        "boot"
5        0x00040000        0x00ed7fde        "rootfs"

Make sure boot and esp flag are set for the boot partition. Loader1 partition is not used by RK3066.

Boot partition:



To write a U-Boot image to the SD card (assumed to be /dev/sda):

sudo dd if=u-boot-dtb.img of=/dev/sda seek=16384


Bring device in BootROM mode:

If bricked and no BootROM mode shows up then connect pin 8 and 9 of the NAND flash with a needle while reconnecting to the USB OTG port to a PC.

Show connected devices with:

# Bus 001 Device 004: ID 2207:300a Fuzhou Rockchip Electronics Company RK3066 in Mask ROM mode

Create NAND image:

Size of SPL and TPL must be aligned to 2kb.

Program with commands in a bash script ./


printf "RK30" | dd conv=notrunc bs=4 count=1 of=u-boot-tpl.bin
truncate -s %2048 u-boot-tpl.bin
truncate -s %2048 u-boot-spl.bin
../tools/boot_merger --verbose config-flash.ini
../tools/upgrade_tool ul ./RK30xxLoader_uboot.bin




  • Add Rockchip idbloader image building

  • Add Rockchip TPL image building

  • Document SPI flash boot

  • Add missing SoC’s with it boards list